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Salivary and serum immunoglobulin levels in cats with chronic gingivitis/stomatitis
Chronic gingivitis/stomatitis is a common problem in feline patients. In this study, the salivary and serum concentrations of IgG, IgM, IgA and the salivary concentration of albumin of 30 cats with chronic gingivitis/stomatitis were compared with the results of 32 healthy cats.

The cats with chronic gingivostomatitis had significantly higher salivary concentrations of IgG, IgM and albumin, and higher serum concentrations of IgG, IgM and IgA, but significantly lower salivary concentrations of IgA than the healthy cats.
The cats with chronic gingivostomatitis were treated with either methylprednisolone, sodium aurothiomalate, metronidazole and spiramycin, or oral hygiene products. After three months of treatment, the cats receiving methylprednisolone had a significant reduction in serum IgG levels compared to the cats treated with sodium aurothiomalate or metronidazole and spiramycin, but after six months of treatment there were no significant differences between the groups. Before the treatments, the levels of oral inflammation were not correlated significantly with any of the serum or salivary immunoglobulin levels. However, the changes in oral inflammation were correlated significantly with the changes in the salivary IgM concentration after three and six months of treatment, and with the change in the salivary IgA concentration after six months of treatment.

Source: Harley R, Gruffydd-Jones TJ, Day MJ (2003): Salivary and serum immunoglobulin levels in cats with chronic gingivostomatitis. In: Vet Rec 2003 Feb 1;152(5), pp 125-9



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Brachycephalic airway syndrome - differences between pugs and French bulldogs
Does the brachycephalic airway syndrome mean the same in all brachycephalic breeds or are there breed-specific differences? A fascinating question was raised. This retrospective study including 72 dogs aimed to compare clinical features of brachycephalic airway syndrome and long-term surgical outcomes between pugs and French bulldogs and evaluate the influence of laryngeal collapse.

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