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Bacteremia in dogs with gastric volvulus
Gastric volvulus is a common and life-threatening emergency in small animal medicine. Much is known about the best surgical and parasurgical procedures. But what about antibacterial therapy? Nearly fifty percent of the patients have positive blood cultures, a fact that needs to be considered in therapy!

This prospective study was performed to determine the prevalence of bacteremia in the naturally occurring gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) patient, the possible relationship between bacteremia and survival, and whether bacteremia was a result of translocation from the stomach.

Blood cultures were collected from each patient. Bacterial cultures were collected from the liver, mesenteric lymph node, and stomach.

Forty-three percent of the GDV cases and 40% of the controls developed positive blood cultures. Gram-negative rods were the most frequently isolated organisms.

Evidence of bacterial translocation from the stomach could not be demonstrated in GDV patients, and survival was not affected by the presence of bacteremia.



Source: Kevin P. Winkler, Cathy L. Greenfield, David J. Schaeffer (2003): Bacteremia and Bacterial Translocation in the Naturally Occurring Canine Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus Patient. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 39:361-368 (2003)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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