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Different serum immunoreactivity to Malassezia pachydermatis in dogs
Canine sera which are tested with Malassezia extract often show different results. Why? One explanation might be that there is variation in antigenic expression in different growth phases of M. pachydermatis. A very interesting new study!

In western immunoblotting studies of canine sera using Malassezia pachydermatis extracts, the reported patterns of immunoreactivity vary between different laboratories.

Because the duration of culture influences the antigenic composition of lipid-dependent Malassezia spp. when probed with human sera, we investigated whether the in vitro growth phase of M. pachydermatis influences immunoreactivity using canine sera.

Extracts of M. pachydermatis CBS 1879 grown in Sabouraud`s liquid medium at 37 °C for 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 days were prepared by mechanical disruption, centrifugation, dialysis and lyophilization.

Yeast growth phase was assessed by sequential colony counts and optical density measurements. Patterns of IgG immunoreactivity in high (n = 3) and low (n = 3) titre sera were compared using extracts prepared at each time point by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and western immunoblotting.

Protein bands of 62 and 49 kDa were recognized by all sera, and 98 and 68 kDa bands were recognized by five sera. Proteins of 188, 66, 58, 57, 38, 28 and 17 kDa were only recognized by high titre sera.

All high titre sera used recognized more bands in exponential phase (d2) extracts when compared with decline phase (d8-d10) extracts, and two of these sera showed most bands in stationary phase (d4-d6) extracts.

Bands of 62 and 57 kDa were primarily detected in exponential and early stationary phase extracts. , which might explain discrepancies between previous laboratory studies of canine immunity to this yeast.


Source: HABIBAH, A., CATCHPOLE, B. & BOND, R. (2005): Canine serum immunoreactivity to M. pachydermatis in vitro is influenced by the phase of yeast growth. In: Veterinary Dermatology 16 (3), 147-152.



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

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