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Atresia ani in dogs
Large animal practitioners see this congenital anomaly sometimes in piglets. In dogs, atresia ani is very rare. This interesting retrospective study gives interesting informations concerning this problem in dogs. Did you know that females are overrepresented and that especially toy poodles and Boston terriers belong to the breeds at risk?

Congenital anomalies of the rectum and anus are rare in dogs. The most frequently reported anomaly is atresia ani.

Four types of atresia ani have been reported, including congenital anal stenosis (Type I); imperforate anus alone (Type II) or combined with more cranial termination of the rectum as a blind pouch (Type III); and discontinuity of the proximal rectum with normal anal and terminal rectal development (Type IV).

An increased incidence was found in females and in several breeds, including miniature or toy poodles and Boston terriers.

Surgical repair is the treatment of choice, but postoperative complications can occur, including fecal incontinence and colonic atony secondary to prolonged preoperative distension.



Source: Maria L. Vianna, Karen M. Tobias (2005): Atresia Ani in the Dog: A Retrospective Study. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 41:317-322 (2005)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Computed tomographic arthrography of the canine shoulder joint members
The aim of this retrospective, methods comparison study was to assess the diagnostic utility of computed tomographic arthrography in the assessment of various intraarticular shoulder pathologies in dogs in comparison with survey computed tomography (CT), using arthroscopic examination as the reference standard. Computed tomography, computed tomographic arthrography, and arthroscopic findings of 46 scapulohumeral joints of dogs with forelimb lameness were reviewed retrospectively.

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