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Lasers in canine corneal diseases
The use of different laser types has become a standard in the therapy of numerous eye diseases in men. In dogs, this procedure is less common. Which important points need to be considered in this species, and which laser is the best? A very interesting summary.

The clinical use of the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser and diode laser is increasing in veterinary medicine.

New applications for their use are being explored, including ophthalmic applications. The use of lasers for small-animal corneal disease is fairly limited due to several factors.

The ideal laser for corneal use is the excimer laser due to its extremely precise photoablative capability.
However, the excimer laser is unlikely ever to become practical for veterinary use.

The frequency of corneal disease in small animals in which tissue ablation is indicated is relatively low.
And for most of these diseases, routine surgical techniques work as well or better than laser ablation.

The CO2 laser can be used on corneal tissue, but must be used very cautiously so as not to ablate too deeply, creating serious scarring or perforation.

There are also concerns regarding its effect on corneal nerves, stromal collagen, and corneal endothelium.

The CO2 laser can be very effective in ablating limbal tumors with corneal extension. The use of the laser is less invasive, technically less difficult, and faster because of excellent hemostasis.

The diode laser, due to its high melanin absorption, can be used effectively to ablate epibulbar melanomas with corneal stromal invasion.


Source: Gilmour MA. (2003): Laser applications for corneal disease. In: Clin Tech Small Anim Pract. 2003 Aug;18(3):199-202.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Microbiota of traumatic, open fracture wounds and the mechanism of injury
Open fractures are characterized by disruption of the skin and soft tissue, which allows for microbial contamination and colonization. Preventing infection‐related complications of open fractures and other acute wounds remains an evolving challenge due to an incomplete understanding of how microbial colonization and contamination influence healing and outcomes. Culture‐independent molecular methods are now widely used to study human‐associated microbial communities without introducing culture biases. This recently online published study describes the fascinating association between the mechanism of injury and the microbiota of the wounds.

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