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Chronic or recurrent UTI in dogs - review of 383 cases
Chronic or recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are a common problem in dogs, caused by a variety of reasons. This large study gives interesting new input, e.g. the most commonly isolated bacteria and the most prevalent breeds. Very informative!

Laboratory records of bacterial urine cultures from 383 dogs with recurrent or persistent urinary tract infections (UTI) diagnosed at the University of California Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital (VMTH) between 1969 and 1995 were reviewed retrospectively to characterize the bacteria involved and their association with age, gender, and breed of dogs affected.

Sixty-eight breeds and a mixed-breed group were represented.

Escherichia coli was the most common isolate, although mixed-bacterial infections were seen in 58% of the female and 55% of the male dogs.

Recurrent and persistent UTI were most prevalent in middle-aged to older German shepherd dogs, miniature/toy poodles, and Labrador retrievers, with no apparent sex predilection.

Criteria fitting recurrent and persistent UTI were present in 0.3% of all dogs seen at the VMTH during this 26-year period.


Source: Norris CR, Williams BJ, Ling GV, Franti CE, Johnson, Ruby AL. (2000): Recurrent and persistent urinary tract infections in dogs: 383 cases (1969-1995). In: J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2000 Nov-Dec;36(6):484-92.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Aldosterone-producing adrenocortical carcinoma with myxoid differentiation in a Persian cat
A 10‐year‐old male neutered Persian cat was presented with an abdominal mass and history of weakness. Blood smear examination found marked elliptocytosis, and serum biochemical analysis revealed hypokalemia, hypochloremia, increased creatine kinase activity, and a high aldosterone concentration. Cytologic examination of the mass revealed neoplastic endocrine cells with moderate criteria of malignancy, favoring adrenocortical neoplasia. A very interesting case report!

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