Tibial fractures are quite common in feline practice, and their surgical repair can become challenging since non-union is not rare. This online published study documents the results of management of feline distal tibial fractures with circularâ€“linear hybrid external skeletal fixators.
Desflurane inhalational anaesthesia in horses - experiences in practice
Equine general anaesthesia carries a higher risk of perioperative fatality compared with humans and companion animals. Multiple studies have examined the risk factors associated with general anaesthesia, most notably the ongoing confidential enquiry into perioperative equine fatalities (CEPEF) studies initially published by Johnston etâ€‰al. Desflurane is a modern inhalational anaesthetic with low solubility and potentially beneficial reduced cardiorespiratory effects, but its use in a large number of horses has not been investigated. This brandnew study evaluates the perioperative mortality rates of horses undergoing general anaesthesia maintained using desflurane.
5-FU pulse-therapy in canine corneal squamous cell carcinoma
5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is one of the standard medications in various malignant neoplasias, including squamous cell carcinoma. This online published case report describes the use of a pulse-dose topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) treatment regimen in a 12 months old Pug dog with corneal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
Plasma D-dimer concentration and coagulopathies in horses with colic
The progression of plasma D-dimer concentrations and coagulation status in horses with different types of colic is a very interesting topic. Horses admitted and treated for colic and hospitalized for >48 hours were considered. Animals were classified by diagnosis into medical obstructive conditions (MO), surgical obstructive conditions (SO), inflammatory conditions, and ischemic lesions (IS).
Third eyelid excision with a CO2 laser
Laser therapies have become very popular both i human and veterinary medicine, and they are also used in very sensitive regions like the canine eye. The objective of this study was to describe a novel technique for third eyelid (TEL) excision using a carbon dioxide (CO2) laser on six canine patients and one feline patient.
Isolation and culture of canine uveal melanocytes
Uveal explants from five mixed-breed dogs were examined to establish a method for isolation and culture of canine uveal melanocytes. Donor globes were dissected, and the anterior uvea removed. The uveal explants were placed in trypsin solution for enzymatic digestion. Extracted cells were cultured in modified F12 media. Immunocytochemistry was performed to confirm the identity of the extracted cells.
Two dogs with cold agglutinin activity
The clinical signs of the two dogs in this case series were as different as their breeds, and the diagnosis of this rare disease was not easy. A very interesting case series from the USA.
Oclacitinib versus prednisolone in dogs with allergic dermatitis
Oral glucocorticoids are widely used to reduce pruritus and dermatitis associated with allergic dermatitis. Data suggest that oclacitinib, a Janus kinase inhibitor, is a safe and effective alternative. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oclacitinib compared with prednisolone for the control of pruritus associated with allergic dermatitis in a single-masked, controlled clinical trial with a randomized complete block design.
Noninvasive blood pressure measurement in isoflurane-anaesthetized horses
This online published study on 29 horses was performed to assess accuracy of noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) measured by oscillometric device Sentinel compared to invasive blood pressure (IBP) in anaesthetized horses undergoing surgery. Additionally, it was tried to assess if differences between the NIBP measured by the Sentinel and IBP are associated with recumbency, cuff placement, weight of the horse or acepromazine premedication and to describe usefulness of the Sentinel.