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Canine dermatitis due to Straelensia cynotis (case report)
`Ivermectine kills everything` was a popular slogan some years ago. This dog from Portugal, suffering from a highly pruritic dermatitis with numerous larval mites in the hair follicles unfortunately did not respond well to this drug - in opposite to other highly pruritic mites like Sarcoptes scabiei.

This case report describes a highly pruritic, papular and crusted dermatitis affecting the dorsum of a dog and microscopically diagnosed as dermatitis induced by Straelensia cynotis.

Histologically, each papule was characterized by a dilated hair follicle with marked pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia, perifollicular mucinosis and an abundant mononuclear infiltration by plasma and mast cells.

Each dilated follicle contained a larval mite.

A therapy including systemic ivermectins and oral antibiotic therapy was initiated, but the clinical response was poor.

To the best of the authors` knowledge, this is the first report of straelensiosis in Portugal, and the second in Europe.


Source: SEIXAS, FERNANDA, TRAVASSOS, PAULO J., PINTO, MARIA L., CORREIA, JOÃO & PIRES, MARIA A. (2006): Dermatitis in a dog induced by Straelensia cynotis: a case report and review of the literature. In: Veterinary Dermatology 17 (1), 81-84.





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