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Changes in bone and soft tissue after surgery of cranial cruciate ligament rupture
A standard surgery especially in large and giant dogs: repair of the rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament. But who knows what happens with the bone and soft tissue after surgery? A very interesting recently published study from the University of Tennessee.

Following cranial cruciate ligament transection and extracapsular stabilization, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to analyze bone mineral content and lean tissue mass in the surgical and nonsurgical legs (n=14) at 0, 2, 4, and 8 weeks, and to evaluate bone mineral content and bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal, mid-, and distal tibia of both the surgical and nonsurgical legs (n=15) at 0, 5, and 10 weeks.

There was significant loss of bone mineral content and lean tissue in the surgical leg compared to the nonsurgical leg.

Significant loss in bone mineral content and BMD was detected in the tibia of the surgical leg and was most pronounced in the metaphyseal region.


Source: David A. Francis, Darryl L. Millis, Laurie L. Head (2006): Bone and Lean Tissue Changes Following Cranial Cruciate Ligament Transection and Stifle Stabilization. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:127-135 (2006)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

RET-He to diagnose iron-deficient erythropoiesis in dogsmembers
Reticulocyte hemoglobin content provided by the Siemens ADVIA (CHr) is an established marker of iron deficiency. The IDEXX ProCyte Dx hematology analyzer now provides a similar variable, reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (RET-He).
The objectives of this study were to evaluate RET-He and its diagnostic utility in dogs, and to calculate a cutoff value for diagnosing iron-deficient erythropoiesis (IDE).

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