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Chromobacterium violaceum Infection in Two Dogs from Florida
Chromobacterium violaceum is a saprophyte of soil and water in tropical and subtropical environments that is associated with rare but highly fatal infections in animals and humans. Infections are sometimes seen in dogs and so veterinarians should be familiar with clinical signs of this infection. A very interesting case report!

Systemic infection was diagnosed in two critically ill dogs from Florida.

Fever was absent in both dogs. Both dogs were treated surgically and provided with intensive care, but only one survived.

The identification of characteristic, violet-pigmented bacterial colonies on routine microbial cultures should alert microbiologists and clinicians to the likelihood of this dangerous pathogen.

Because of the rapidly progressive nature of this infection, empirical antibiotic administration with fluoroquinolones should be employed pending susceptibility testing


Source: Patricia A. Crosse, Karen Soares, Jason L. Wheeler, Kirsten L. Cooke, Chris A. Adin, Jeffrey J. O’Kelley, Julie Kay Levy (2006):
Chromobacterium violaceum Infection in Two Dogs. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:154-159 (2006)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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