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Chromobacterium violaceum Infection in Two Dogs from Florida
Chromobacterium violaceum is a saprophyte of soil and water in tropical and subtropical environments that is associated with rare but highly fatal infections in animals and humans. Infections are sometimes seen in dogs and so veterinarians should be familiar with clinical signs of this infection. A very interesting case report!

Systemic infection was diagnosed in two critically ill dogs from Florida.

Fever was absent in both dogs. Both dogs were treated surgically and provided with intensive care, but only one survived.

The identification of characteristic, violet-pigmented bacterial colonies on routine microbial cultures should alert microbiologists and clinicians to the likelihood of this dangerous pathogen.

Because of the rapidly progressive nature of this infection, empirical antibiotic administration with fluoroquinolones should be employed pending susceptibility testing


Source: Patricia A. Crosse, Karen Soares, Jason L. Wheeler, Kirsten L. Cooke, Chris A. Adin, Jeffrey J. O’Kelley, Julie Kay Levy (2006):
Chromobacterium violaceum Infection in Two Dogs. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:154-159 (2006)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Novel intratumoral therapy in canine transmissible venereal tumour
Canine transmissible venereal tumour (CTVT) is a naturally occurring contagious neoplasm of dogs located mainly on the external genitalia of both sexes. The course of vincristine chemotherapy, the most effective and practical therapy, is affected by the immune status of the host. The aim was to investigate recombinant human interferon alpha‐2a (rhIFNα‐2a) and vincristine for treatment of CTVT.

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