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Chromobacterium violaceum Infection in Two Dogs from Florida
Chromobacterium violaceum is a saprophyte of soil and water in tropical and subtropical environments that is associated with rare but highly fatal infections in animals and humans. Infections are sometimes seen in dogs and so veterinarians should be familiar with clinical signs of this infection. A very interesting case report!

Systemic infection was diagnosed in two critically ill dogs from Florida.

Fever was absent in both dogs. Both dogs were treated surgically and provided with intensive care, but only one survived.

The identification of characteristic, violet-pigmented bacterial colonies on routine microbial cultures should alert microbiologists and clinicians to the likelihood of this dangerous pathogen.

Because of the rapidly progressive nature of this infection, empirical antibiotic administration with fluoroquinolones should be employed pending susceptibility testing


Source: Patricia A. Crosse, Karen Soares, Jason L. Wheeler, Kirsten L. Cooke, Chris A. Adin, Jeffrey J. O’Kelley, Julie Kay Levy (2006):
Chromobacterium violaceum Infection in Two Dogs. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:154-159 (2006)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Variability of SDMA in apparently healthy dogsmembers
Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is a screening tool for early kidney dysfunction and monitoring treatment in cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are no current studies describing the suitability of this test for use with published population‐based reference intervals. The objectives of this study were to determine the components of biological variability, the index of individuality (IOI), the critical difference between sequential measurements (CD) and the number of measurements required to assess the homeostatic set point (HSP), for both SDMA and serum creatinine (sCr), in apparently healthy dogs.

  • Bioavailability of suppository acetaminophen in dogsmembers
  • Computed tomographic lymphography for lymph node staging in dogs with malignant tumors members
  • Characterization of ocular melanosis-affected canine melanocytesmembers
  • Nasopharyngeal sialoceles in brachycephalic dogsmembers
  • Enterococcus faecium SF68 on serum cobalamin and folate concentrationsmembers
  • Gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia limited to the mesentery in a catmembers
  • Ion acid-base disturbances and associated mortality in dogsmembers
  • First description of ultrasonic bone curette in canine otic surgerymembers
  • Staining hair samples with a modified Wright-Giemsa stain to diagnose feline dermatophytosismembers
  • Oral extended release hydrocodone as analgesia after TPLOmembers
  • 25OH vitamin D3 serum concentration in dogs with acute polyradiculoneuritismembers
  • Type 1 immune mediated polyarthritis in dogs and temporal relationship to vaccination members


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