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Carboplatin in canine tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma
Canine tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Various therapies have been tried in the past. Is carboplatin of any benefit? A very interesting retrospective study from Great Britain.

Five cases were identified, and their median survival time was 211 days (95 per cent confidence interval 80 to 352) with two of the five dogs remaining alive at the end of the study, 826 and 1628 days from diagnosis with no clinical signs of disease.

The protocol was well tolerated with only one of the five dogs showing toxicity associated with carboplatin and all dogs that started radiotherapy completing it.

Compared with results of previous studies, these cases suggest that surgical cytoreduction followed by coarse fractionated radiotherapy together with carboplatin may be a useful way to treat this tumour.

Carboplatin alone caused partial remission in the two cases where it was used as neo-adjunctive therapy.


Source: Murphy, S., Hayes, A., Adams, V., Maglennon, G., Neath, P., Ladlow, J. & Brearley, M. J. (2006): Role of carboplatin in multi-modality treatment of canine tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma – a case series of five dogs. In: Journal of Small Animal Practice 47 (4), 216-220.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Reference intervals for blood parameters in Shetland Sheepdogsmembers
Several breeds have physiological peculiarities that induce variations in reference intervals (RIs) compared with the general canine population. Shetland sheepdogs (SSs) are reported to be more predisposed to different diseases (eg, hyperlipidemia, gallbladder mucocele, and hypothyroidism). Consequently, a breed‐specific approach is more often required. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the RIs of the general canine population could be applied to that of SSs, and to generate breed‐specific RIs, where appropriate.

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