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Carboplatin in canine tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma
Canine tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Various therapies have been tried in the past. Is carboplatin of any benefit? A very interesting retrospective study from Great Britain.

Five cases were identified, and their median survival time was 211 days (95 per cent confidence interval 80 to 352) with two of the five dogs remaining alive at the end of the study, 826 and 1628 days from diagnosis with no clinical signs of disease.

The protocol was well tolerated with only one of the five dogs showing toxicity associated with carboplatin and all dogs that started radiotherapy completing it.

Compared with results of previous studies, these cases suggest that surgical cytoreduction followed by coarse fractionated radiotherapy together with carboplatin may be a useful way to treat this tumour.

Carboplatin alone caused partial remission in the two cases where it was used as neo-adjunctive therapy.


Source: Murphy, S., Hayes, A., Adams, V., Maglennon, G., Neath, P., Ladlow, J. & Brearley, M. J. (2006): Role of carboplatin in multi-modality treatment of canine tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma – a case series of five dogs. In: Journal of Small Animal Practice 47 (4), 216-220.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

3 Serological Tests for Early Detection Of Leptospira-specific Antibodies
Leptospirosis in dogs is a disease of global importance. Early detection and appropriate therapeutic intervention are necessary to resolve infection and prevent zoonotic transmission. However, its diagnosis is hindered by nonspecific clinical signs and lack of rapid diagnostic tests of early infection. Recently, 2 rapid point-of-care tests (WITNESS Lepto [WITNESS Lepto, Zoetis LLC, Kalamazoo, MI, USA] and SNAP Lepto [SNAP Lepto, IDEXX Laboratories, Westbrook, ME, USA]) for detection of Leptospira-specific antibodies in canine sera were developed. This recently online published article compares three systems for early diagnosis.

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