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Central Nervous System Cuterebrosis in a Dog
Acute stupor, disorientation and tetraparesis in a young dog - a difficult problem with a lot of differential diagnoses to consider. One of them is cuterebrosis, but for sure not the first one would think of. A very informative case report!

A 3-year-old, spayed female rat terrier was evaluated for acute onset of stupor, disorientation, and tetraparesis.

Clinical signs progressed over 3 weeks to eventual right-sided hemiparesis and circling to the left. A Cuterebra spp. larva was discovered in the vomitus of the dog 2 weeks after the onset of clinical signs.

Cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed chronic inflammation, and magnetic resonance imaging supported a diagnosis of a parasitic tract through the left cerebral hemisphere.

Medical management included a tapering anti-inflammatory dose of prednisone.
Clinical signs improved slowly over time.

This is the first description of a presumptive antemortem diagnosis of canine cuterebrosis in the central nervous system.



Source: Lisa M. Tieber, Todd W. Axlund, Stephen T. Simpson, John T. Hathcock (2006): Survival of a Suspected Case of Central Nervous System Cuterebrosis in a Dog: Clinical and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:238-242 (2006)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Vocal fold granulomas in brachycephalic dogs
Vocal cord granulomas are rarely observed in brachycephalic breeds but often reported in humans as contact granulomas. Six French bulldogs were included in this retrospective descriptive study. Endoscopic laryngeal examinations were performed on all dogs under general anaesthesia. Vocal cord lesions were exclusively unilateral, exophytic, approximately 3‐mm wide ulcerated mucosal nodules, arising from the vocal cord. Maybe an underdiagnosed disease in brachycephalic breeds?

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