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Fibrocartilaginous Embolic Myelopathy in Cats
An acute onset of nonpainful, asymmetrical spinal cord signs affecting one or more limbs - these signs were shown by the five cats that are described in this informative case report. MRI was of great help making the diagnosis.

Five cats had clinical signs, radiographic findings, and cerebrospinal fluid analyses consistent with fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy.

All cats had an acute onset of nonpainful, asymmetrical spinal cord signs (paresis or paralysis of one or more limbs).

Magnetic resonance imaging was performed in three cats. On T2-weighted images, an intramedullary lesion was revealed that was hyperintense to normal spinal cord gray matter. On T1-weighted images, the lesion was isointense.

Three of the cats were euthanized, and postmortem examination confirmed myelomalacia with intralesional fibrocartilaginous emboli.

Two cats survived and were clinically improved within 3 weeks.


Source:
Jessica S. Mikszewski, Thomas J. Van Winkle, Mark T. Troxel (2006): Fibrocartilaginous Embolic Myelopathy in Five Cats. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:226-233 (2006)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Computed tomographic findings in dogs infected with Crenosoma vulpis
Crenosoma vulpis is a nematode lungworm found in wild and domestic canids in some parts of North America and Europe. Reported radiographic findings are nonspecific and consist of a combination of bronchial and interstitial changes of variable severity. This retrospective, case series study aimed to describe thoracic computed tomographic (CT) findings for a group of dogs with confirmed crenosomosis. Selection criteria were presentation with a chronic cough during the period of January 2016 to February 2017, evaluation by thoracic CT, and final diagnosis of C. vulpis infection based on bronchoscopic findings, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid analysis, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction.

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