|We studied serovars of Salmonella strains isolated from chicken and humans in Lithuania over the period from 2000 to 2004.
Salmonella strains were isolated and identified according to the techniques recommended by International Organisation for Standardization (Microbiology of Food and Animal Feeding Stuff Â– Horizontal Method for the Detection of Salmonella, 1998, ISO, Geneva).
The per cent of infected flocks with Salmonella in separate years was between 1.01% and 3.2% during the period of investigation.
The contamination rate of broiler legs and breasts was higher (2.36% and 4.25%) than that of wings (0.82%). Eighteen serovars of Salmonella were identified from the total 300 isolated samples.
The most prevalent serovars in chicken were Salmonella Enteritidis, Salmonella Infantis and Salmonella Typhimurium. Other serovars such as Salmonella Montevideo, Salmonella Djugu, Salmonella Isangi, Salmonella Bovismorbificans, Salmonella Mbankada, Salmonella Hadar were detected only in one to two samples. In general, similar serovars of Salmonella were found in humans and chicken (S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium), although distinct serovars were found only in humans or only in chicken.
Analysis of the distribution of Salmonella serovars in humans during the seasons of the year indicated that the highest incidence of Salmonella was in Summer and in the beginning of Autumn.
Analysis of the distribution of serovars during the study period indicated that there is a shift over time in both humans and chicken.
Source: Pieskus, J., Milius, J., Michalskiene, I. & Zagrebneviene, G. (2006): The Distribution of Salmonella Serovars in Chicken and Humans in Lithuania. In: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A 53 (1), 12-16.
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