Home
http://www.virbac.fr/ http://www.boehringer-ingelheim.com/ http://www.novartis.com/ http://www.animalhealth.bayerhealthcare.com/
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  WELCOME  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Privacy Policy  
  Home  
  Login / Newsletter  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  CONTACTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Classifieds  
  New Products  
  VetCompanies  
  VetSchools  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PROFESSION  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Edutainment  
  VetAgenda  
  Presentations  
  Posters  
  ESAVS  
  Specialisation  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  INSIGHT  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Congress News  
  Picture Galleries  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  PRODUCTS  
vetcontact
Vetrinär
Tiermedizin
  Bayer  
  Boehringer Ing.  
  Novartis  
  Virbac

 
  Simply book for less...  
    

Bovine    Equine    Small Animal Practice    Swine Practice    Articles    Vetjournal    
deutsch english español polski francais
Home / WELCOME / Archiv / Small Animal Practice /     
 
Total parenteral nutrition in cats - a retrospective evaluation
Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is sometimes indicated in cats. Less is published concerning the frequency of complications and the risk factors for complications. This retrospective study including 40 patients gives important new informations.

This retrospective study includes the medical records of all cats receiving TPN at Tufts University between 1991 and 2003 were reviewed using a standardized data sheet.

Forty cats that received TPN were included in the analysis.

Complications were classified as metabolic (e.g., hyperglycemia, hypokalemia), mechanical (e.g., catheter dislodgement, cellulitis), or septic (e.g., clinical suspicion of sepsis, in combination with a positive catheter culture).

The most common underlying diseases were hepatic disease (n=16), gastrointestinal disorders (n=10), and pancreatitis (n=8).

Median duration of TPN administration was 3.7 days (range, 0.3–9.5 days).

Of the 40 cats receiving TPN, 26 experienced at least one complication with a total of 45 complications overall.

These included metabolic (n=33) and mechanical (n=12).

No cases of sepsis were documented.

The most common metabolic complication was hyperglycemia (n=9).

Most complications were mild and did not require discontinuation of TPN or adjustment of formula.

Cats provided with energy above the resting energy requirement (RER) were more likely to develop hyperglycemia than those using RER as the initial calorie goal (P=0.02).

Neither the presence nor number of complications impacted the duration of hospitalization or outcome.

Conclusions: A more conservative estimate of energy requirements was associated with a lower risk of hyperglycemia. Future studies are warranted to determine the optimal formula and efficacy of TPN in cats.


Source: Crabb, Sara E., Freeman, Lisa M., Chan, Daniel L. & Labato, Mary A. (2006): Retrospective evaluation of total parenteral nutrition in cats: 40 cases (1991–2003). In: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care 16 (s1), S21-S26.




Tell a friend   |   Print version   |   Send this article

SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Variability of SDMA in apparently healthy dogsmembers
Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is a screening tool for early kidney dysfunction and monitoring treatment in cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are no current studies describing the suitability of this test for use with published population‐based reference intervals. The objectives of this study were to determine the components of biological variability, the index of individuality (IOI), the critical difference between sequential measurements (CD) and the number of measurements required to assess the homeostatic set point (HSP), for both SDMA and serum creatinine (sCr), in apparently healthy dogs.

  • Bioavailability of suppository acetaminophen in dogsmembers
  • Computed tomographic lymphography for lymph node staging in dogs with malignant tumors members
  • Characterization of ocular melanosis-affected canine melanocytesmembers
  • Nasopharyngeal sialoceles in brachycephalic dogsmembers
  • Enterococcus faecium SF68 on serum cobalamin and folate concentrationsmembers
  • Gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia limited to the mesentery in a catmembers
  • Ion acid-base disturbances and associated mortality in dogsmembers
  • First description of ultrasonic bone curette in canine otic surgerymembers
  • Staining hair samples with a modified Wright-Giemsa stain to diagnose feline dermatophytosismembers
  • Oral extended release hydrocodone as analgesia after TPLOmembers
  • 25OH vitamin D3 serum concentration in dogs with acute polyradiculoneuritismembers
  • Type 1 immune mediated polyarthritis in dogs and temporal relationship to vaccination members


  • [ Home ] [ About ] [ Contact / Request ][ Disclaimer ]

    Copyright © 2001-2016 VetContact GmbH
    All rights reserved