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Macroglossia in dachshunds associated with congenital nasopharyngeal stenosis
Macroglossia is sometimes diagnosed in men, but it is very rare in dogs. But which differentials need to be considered when a patient is presented with this problem? If it is a dachshund, a congenital nasopharyngeal stenosis is likely, as this interesting study from South Africa shows.

Medical records of seven dachshunds with congenital nasopharyngeal stenosis from abnormally thickened palatopharyngeal muscles were reviewed.

The intrapharyngeal ostium in all cases consisted of only a narrow slit.

Dogs were presented with various clinical signs—the most common being dyspnea, expiratory cheek puff, salivation, pharyngeal dysphagia, oral dysphagia (to a lesser extent), and macroglossia.

Diagnostic procedures included direct pharyngeal inspection, pharyngeal and thoracic radiography, fluoroscopy, lingual ultrasonography, biopsies in two dogs, and a postmortem examination in one dog.

Diagnoses were readily made with radiographs and visual examinations. Macroglossia was confirmed with transcutaneous ultrasonography or a transmandibular finger test.




Source: Robert M. Kirberger, Gerhard Steenkamp, Timothy C. Spotswood, Sonja C. Boy, David B. Miller, Malan van Zyl (2006): Stenotic Nasopharyngeal Dysgenesis in the Dachshund: Seven Cases (2002–2004). In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 42:290-297 (2006)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Patient-specific facemask to facilitate brain biopsymembers
The objective of this pilot study was to describe the application and first preliminary data of a novel MRI and CT compatible patient-specific facemask for stereotactic brain biopsy of intracranial lesions in dogs. Five client-owned dogs presenting for neurological deficits consistent with forebrain disease were included in the study. All dogs had MRI findings consistent with an intracranial lesion. But biopsies in this region are not easy to obtain. Does an individual face mask help?

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