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Ultrasonography to detect foreign bodies
Not all foreign bodies are visible on x-rays but they remain an important differential diagnosis in chronic ascesses or draining tracts. A very informative study including 6 dogs.

This is a retrospective study that describes the historical, physical exam, radiographic, fistulographic, ultrasonographic, and surgical findings associated with non-gastrointestinal and extrathoracic foreign bodies in six dogs.

All dogs had a chronic draining tract or abscess.

Although radiographs were obtained in five of the six dogs, no foreign bodies were identified with this modality.

Fistulography was performed in four of the six dogs, and a filling defect consistent with a foreign body was found in two of four dogs.

A foreign body was identified in five of the six dogs with ultrasound.

Foreign bodies were removed surgically in five of six dogs. This report clarifies the importance of ultrasound in the evaluation of chronic draining tracts and abscesses in dogs.



Source: Armbrust LJ, Biller DS, Radlinsky MG, Hoskinson JJ. (2003): Ultrasonographic diagnosis of foreign bodies associated with
chronic draining tracts and abscesses in dogs. In: Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2003 Jan-Feb;44(1):66-70.




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Vocal fold granulomas in brachycephalic dogs
Vocal cord granulomas are rarely observed in brachycephalic breeds but often reported in humans as contact granulomas. Six French bulldogs were included in this retrospective descriptive study. Endoscopic laryngeal examinations were performed on all dogs under general anaesthesia. Vocal cord lesions were exclusively unilateral, exophytic, approximately 3‐mm wide ulcerated mucosal nodules, arising from the vocal cord. Maybe an underdiagnosed disease in brachycephalic breeds?

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