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Unusual manifestation of salmonellosis in a young foal (case report)
Diarrhea in a foal which is caused by Salmonella typhimurium is not unusual in foals. But this foal developed other clinical signs which are not obviously associated with the diarrhea, e.g. ischemic necrosis of distal limbs. A very interesting although fatal case!

A 5-month-old mixed-breed filly presented with diarrhea due to Salmonella typhimurium infection and subsequently developed pneumonia in addition to ischemic necrosis of distal limbs.

Pulmonary lesions were characterized by numerous discrete, disseminated pyogranulomas with intralesional fungal hyphae.

The morphologic characteristics of fungal hyphae were consistent with Aspergillus spp., and large numbers of A fumigatus were isolated from lung tissue via fungal culture.

Lesions in all 4 limbs were similar in distribution, duration, and severity and were characterized by coagulation necrosis accompanied by occasional thrombi in small vessels without evidence of thrombosis of larger limb arteries.

Thus, limb lesions are consistent with symmetrical peripheral gangrene, a potential complication of sepsis.



Source: M. A. Breshears, T. C. Holbrook, C. E. Haak and P. A. York (2007): Pulmonary Aspergillosis and Ischemic Distal Limb Necrosis Associated with Enteric Salmonellosis in a Foal. In: Vet Pathol 44:215-217 (2007)



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EQUINE

Presumed Neuroglycopenia following Severe Hypoglycemia in Horsesmembers
Neuroglycopenia refers to a shortage of glucose in the brain resulting in neuronal dysfunction and death if left untreated. Presumed neuroglycopenia has not been described in horses. Thus, the objective of this retrospective study was to report neurological signs in horses with presumed neuroglycopenia as the result of severe hypoglycemia.

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  • Conventional radiography versus CT to diagnose osteomyelitis in foalsmembers
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  • Equine external beam radiation therapymembers
  • Insulin dysregulation in horses with SIRSmembers
  • The farrier role in supporting horse owners to prevent laminitismembers


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