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Novel manifestation of masticatory muscle myositis
The immune-mediated disease masticatory muscle myositis is well-known in Cavalier King Charles spaniels and has a hereditary component. This very informative case report from the UK describes the same problem, a novel manifestation of this disease, in three littermates.

Clinical signs, including difficulty in opening the mouth (trismus), were seen in three of four 12-week-old cavalier King Charles spaniel littermates.

Diagnosis was established by 2M immunohistochemistry, supported by characteristic histopathological changes in affected temporal muscle.

Treatment using corticosteroids at immune-modifying doses resulted in resolution of clinical signs in all the affected animals.

Masticatory muscle myositis should be considered as a differential diagnosis in groups of young dogs with clinical signs of myositis localised to the head.




Source: Pitcher GD, Hahn CN. (2007): Atypical masticatory muscle myositis in three cavalier King Charles spaniel littermates. In: J Small Anim Pract. 2007 Apr;48(4):226-8.


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Microbiota of traumatic, open fracture wounds and the mechanism of injury
Open fractures are characterized by disruption of the skin and soft tissue, which allows for microbial contamination and colonization. Preventing infection‐related complications of open fractures and other acute wounds remains an evolving challenge due to an incomplete understanding of how microbial colonization and contamination influence healing and outcomes. Culture‐independent molecular methods are now widely used to study human‐associated microbial communities without introducing culture biases. This recently online published study describes the fascinating association between the mechanism of injury and the microbiota of the wounds.

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