|Avian influenza back in Germany
On 22 Jun 2007, Germany reported the suspicion of avian influenza in swans in NÃ¼rnberg, Bayern region (Mittelfranken
province) This was confirmed as HPAI (H5N1) on 25 Jun 2007 . As of early afternoon on 25 Jun 2007, 7 notifications of HPAI in wild birds
(swans and a goose) were reported. These are the first cases since spring 2006.
|In 2006, Germany reported a number of cases of H5N1 HPAI in wild birds in various locations in the country. The last case was reported in April 2006. As a response to these new findings, Germany has applied disease control measures following EU rules with established
protection and surveillance zones.
Intra Community trade in live poultry and poultry meat is subject to EU animal health rules. TRACES* electronic database records the movement of live poultry and poultry hatching eggs because they require veterinary certification under EU rules.
In general, data in TRACES depend on accurate entry at the point of origin and expedience in validation. TRACES does not record poultry meat and other poultry products intended for human
consumption because these do not require official veterinary certification under EU rules.
*[TRACES is EU`s Trade Control and Expert System; for background, refer to
TRACES electronic database indicated some 24 consignments of live poultry and 2 consignments of other birds (birds of prey and other birds) that have been imported from Germany since mid April 2007.
The 2 reported outbreaks of H5N1 in commercial poultry in the EU (Hungary and the UK) in early 2007 appeared to be linked (see full epidemiological report at
The most recent case of H5N1 in the EU was reported in the Czech Republic.
At this stage, it remains unknown how closely the viruses from Germany and the Czech Republic may be related, and further tests are under way.
Our risk assessments have also considered a possibility that the virus may have been introduced in wild bird populations in a number of discrete pockets and maintained at a very low level but remain unnoticed.
On that basis, we have concluded that sporadic outbreaks of H5N1 (or any other type of H5 or H7 HPAI) may
continue to occur within a wider region worldwide, including Europe (and the UK), leading to sporadic outbreaks in the summer of 2007 when birds congregate for moulting. Moulting waterfowl are unlikely to move longer distances.
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