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Cave: Kaopectate reformulation contains aspirin-derivate
Kaopectate is a very popular over-the-counter diarrhea treatment for humans which is often also used in cats and dogs with and without recommendation of a veterinarian. The new Kaopectate´s formula contains bismuth subsalicylate, which may cause salicylate toxicosis in cats that are overdosed.

The `old` Kaopectate contained attapulgite, an inert clay aluminum.

Veterinarians have recommended Kaopectate off-label to treat diarrhea in cats and dogs, particularly for clients who are unable or unwilling to seek immediate veterinary care, AVMA officials say.

The range of recommended aspirin-derivative dosages that have been published for cats is 10 mg/kg every other day to 25 mg/kg every day, officials add.
A tablespoon of reformulated Kaopectate contains 130 mg aspirin equivalent, and extra-strength Kaopectate contains approximately 230 mg aspirin equivalent.
A tablespoon of extra-strength Kaopectate given to a 5-pound cat would yield approximately 100 mg/kg aspirin equivalent and would likely result in toxicosis, says Dr. Steve Hansen, a diplomate of the American Board of Veterinary Toxicology and director of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals` Animal Poison Control Center.

Salicylates should only be administered to cats under veterinary supervision. Some dogs are also sensitive to salicylates.

Source: Kaopectate reformulation poses danger to cats. In: DVM Newsmagazine January 1, 2004. www.dvmnewsmagazine.com/dvm/





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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Vocal fold granulomas in brachycephalic dogs
Vocal cord granulomas are rarely observed in brachycephalic breeds but often reported in humans as contact granulomas. Six French bulldogs were included in this retrospective descriptive study. Endoscopic laryngeal examinations were performed on all dogs under general anaesthesia. Vocal cord lesions were exclusively unilateral, exophytic, approximately 3‐mm wide ulcerated mucosal nodules, arising from the vocal cord. Maybe an underdiagnosed disease in brachycephalic breeds?

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