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Cloacal prolapse in reptiles
Reptiles have become very popular pets during the last years, and thus they are seen alos in not specialized practices. Cloacal prolapses are a common Problem. This recently published article reviews the types of cloacal prolapses seen in reptiles and investigates potential risk factors which may be associated with the presence of a cloacal prolapse.

Prolapses were identified in 56 of 3019 (1·9%) reptiles examined over the study period.

Prolapses were 3·47 times as likely in chelonians and lizards compared to snakes.

There were no statistically significant differences between the prevalence of prolapses in males and females.

Females were 7·5 times more likely to present with a true cloacal prolapse involving no other organs compared to males, and were 4·83 times more likely to present with a prolapse of the colon.

These results suggest that cloacal prolapses are not a common occurrence but that species and sex may both influence the prevalence and type of cases seen.



Source: Hedley, J. and Eatwell, K. (2014), Cloacal prolapses in reptiles: a retrospective study of 56 cases. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 55: 265–268. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12199


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Aldosterone-producing adrenocortical carcinoma with myxoid differentiation in a Persian cat
A 10‐year‐old male neutered Persian cat was presented with an abdominal mass and history of weakness. Blood smear examination found marked elliptocytosis, and serum biochemical analysis revealed hypokalemia, hypochloremia, increased creatine kinase activity, and a high aldosterone concentration. Cytologic examination of the mass revealed neoplastic endocrine cells with moderate criteria of malignancy, favoring adrenocortical neoplasia. A very interesting case report!

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