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First description of a lymphocytic ganglioneuritis secondary to intervertebral disc disease
A four-year-old spayed female dachshund with lumbar pain was imaged via magnetic resonance. A tubular, space-occupying, contrast-enhancing lesion was noted in the right intervertebral foramen at L6 to L7. This was presumed to represent focal enlargement of the right sixth lumbar spinal nerve. But the hemilaminectomy showed another reason.

A right-sided haemilaminectomy was performed at L6 to L7 and material that grossly resembled extruded nucleus pulposus was removed.

The right L6 dorsal root ganglion, dorsal nerve root and proximal spinal nerve were severely enlarged and a partial thickness biopsy was collected from the dorsal root ganglion.

Results of histopathological examination of the submitted tissue samples were consistent with extruded disc material and lymphocytic ganglioneuritis.

To the author`s knowledge, this is the first published report of lymphocytic ganglioneuritis secondary to intervertebral disc disease in a dog.


Source: Mouradian-Darby, A. E., Young, B. D., Griffin, J. F., Mansell, J. and Levine, J. M. (2014), Lymphocytic ganglioneuritis secondary to intervertebral disc extrusion in a dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12226


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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Electroretinography as a prognostic indicator after retinal reattachment surgery
Retinal detachment is one of the ophthalmological emergencies, and even if the diagnosis is made early and a reattachment surgery is performed immediately many dogs do not regain postoperative vision. This 18‐month prospective study recorded signalment, duration, cause, and extent of retinal detachment and pre‐operative vision status. Rod and mixed rod‐cone ERG responses were recorded prior to RRS. Referring veterinary ophthalmologists assessed vision 2 months postoperatively to determine whether pre‐operative electroretinography (ERG) predicts postoperative vision in dogs undergoing retinal reattachment surgery (RRS).

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