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Radical mastectomy in goats and cows
Gangrenous mastitis, often due to delta toxine producing streptococci, is one of the nightmares of goat owners. Surgical intervention is recommended, but less was published concerning survival rates and complications after therapy. This study from Cornell University evaluates radical mastectomy as a well tolerated and recommendable surgical method.

Seventeen goats and 3 cows were included in this retrospective study: Medical records of ruminants that had radical mastectomy between June 1, 1987 and June 1, 2003 were reviewed. Follow-up information was obtained by telephone interview of owners.

One animal died within 24 hours from complications of gangrenous mastitis and another died from necrotizing cellulitis. Eighteen animals were discharged and follow-up information was available for 15 animals; 12 animals lived at least 1 year postoperatively.

Ruminants with severe but localized diseases of the udder did well after radical mastectomy. The procedure was well tolerated, made the animals more comfortable, and potentially prolonged their lives as pets.

Thus, radical mastectomy can be a safe and effective procedure for ruminants with udder disease, with few complications.

Source: Cable, Christina S., Peery, Kara & Fubini, Susan L. (2004): Radical Mastectomy in 20 Ruminants. In: Veterinary Surgery 33 (3), 263-266.




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BOVINE

Role of melatonin and its receptors in animal reproductionmembers
Melatonin and its receptors play a crucial role in the regulation of the animal reproductive process, primarily in follicular development. However, the role that melatonin performs in regulating hormones related with reproduction remains unclear. This review article presents a current contemporary research conducted by numerous researchers from the entire world on the role of melatonin and its receptors in animal reproduction, from the year 1985 to the year 2017.

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