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Increasing frequency of calcium oxalate uroliths in cats
In a big study including nine veterinary teaching hospitals in the USA the frequency of calcium oxalate uroliths in cats over 20 years was evaluated. The alarming result: the number of cats with upper urinary tract uroliths increased more than 10-fold during the study period...

Medical records from cats diagnosed with uroliths at nine United States veterinary teaching hospitals from 1980 to 1999, and records of cats with uroliths submitted for analyses to the Minnesota Urolith Center from 1981 to 2000, were evaluated.

A 10-fold increase in frequency of upper tract uroliths occurred in cats during the 20-year interval at the nine veterinary teaching hospitals.

Calcium oxalate emerged as the predominant mineral type in upper tract uroliths, having increased more than 50-fold during the study period. These results emphasize the need for increased awareness of the occurrence of upper urinary tract uroliths in cats.


Source: Chalermpol Lekcharoensuk, Carl A. Osborne et al (2005): Trends in the Frequency of Calcium Oxalate Uroliths in the Upper Urinary Tract of Cats. In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 41:39-46 (2005)



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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Variability of SDMA in apparently healthy dogsmembers
Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is a screening tool for early kidney dysfunction and monitoring treatment in cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are no current studies describing the suitability of this test for use with published population‐based reference intervals. The objectives of this study were to determine the components of biological variability, the index of individuality (IOI), the critical difference between sequential measurements (CD) and the number of measurements required to assess the homeostatic set point (HSP), for both SDMA and serum creatinine (sCr), in apparently healthy dogs.

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