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Hemoptysis in dogs - the most common reasons
Dogs with hemoptysis are seen as emergencies in most cases. Important to know which differentials are the most likely. This very informative study on 36 dogs gives interesting new insights!

Hemoptysis, the expectoration of blood or bloody mucus from the respiratory tract at or below the larynx, was retrospectively evaluated in 36 dogs.

Cough, tachypnea, and dyspnea were common historical and physical examination signs.

Anemia was documented in 11 dogs, but was severe in only one dog.

Other clinicopathological findings reflected the underlying diseases.

All thoracic radiographs obtained were abnormal; alveolar and interstitial patterns were most common.

Diseases predisposing to hemoptysis included bacterial bronchopneumonia (n=7), neoplasia (n=5), trauma (n=5), immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (n=4), heartworm disease (n=4), rodenticide poisoning (n=3), lung-lobe torsion (n=1), left-sided congestive heart failure (n=1), pulmonary hypertension (n=1), and foreign-body pneumonia (n=1).

Four additional dogs had more than one underlying disease process.
Nine dogs were either euthanized or died in the hospital during the initial visit.

While at least half of the 27 dogs discharged went on to completely recover, five dogs discharged were known to have either died or been euthanized as a result of their disease in <6 months.



Source: Nathan L. Bailiff, Carol R. Norris (2003): Clinical Signs, Clinicopathological Findings, Etiology, and Outcome Associated With Hemoptysis in Dogs: 36 Cases (1990–1999). In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 38:125-133 (2002)




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SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE

Patient-specific facemask to facilitate brain biopsymembers
The objective of this pilot study was to describe the application and first preliminary data of a novel MRI and CT compatible patient-specific facemask for stereotactic brain biopsy of intracranial lesions in dogs. Five client-owned dogs presenting for neurological deficits consistent with forebrain disease were included in the study. All dogs had MRI findings consistent with an intracranial lesion. But biopsies in this region are not easy to obtain. Does an individual face mask help?

  • Critically ill dogs and their immune function
  • RET-He to diagnose iron-deficient erythropoiesis in dogsmembers
  • Hypertriglyceridemia-Associated Proteinuria in Miniature Schnauzersmembers
  • Gastrointestinal dysmotility disorders in critically ill animalsmembers
  • Disorder of sex development in a cat with chromosome mosaicism members
  • Generalized discoid lupus erythematosus in dogs members
  • Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita in dogsmembers
  • Chiari-Like Malformation and Syringomyelia in American Brussels Griffon Dogsmembers
  • Efficacy and Potential Complications of Transjugular Liver Biopsymembers
  • Hypomagnesemia in Brachycephalic Dogsmembers
  • Comparison of two minimally invasive techniques for liver biopsy members
  • Topical aqueous sirolimus and the tear production members


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