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Sperm pre-incubation before insemination affects sex of embryos
A group of scientists from Poland and Canada found a method to affect the sex ratio of bovine embryos produced in vitro. More than 80% of the blastocysts were successfully sexed in their study.

The objective of the present study was to determine whether sperm incubation prior to oocyte insemination in vitro affects the sex ratio of resulting blastocyst. Cumulus-oocyte-complexes (COCs) collected from slaughterhouse ovaries were matured in vitro and inseminated with frozen-thawed semen of three proven artificial insemination (AI) bulls pre-incubated in vitro in Sperm-Talp for 6 and 24 h.
On day-9 blastocysts were collected and processed for sex determination.

More than 80% of blastocyst were successfully sexed. There were no significant differences in cleavage and blastocyst rates using sperm pre-incubated for 6 h as compared with the 0-h pre-incubation control group. The cleavage and blastocyst rates were significantly lower in the 24-h pre-incubation group.
The male to female ratio, when compared with the theoretical 1 : 1, differed significantly in favour of females among hatched (viable) blastocysts derived from sperm pre-incubated for 24 h prior to insemination as well as among all blastocytsts in the 6-h group. Moreover, when the sperm treatment was considered, the sex ratio was affected only among hatched blastocysts in 24-h pre-incubation group.

It was concluded that prolonged sperm pre-incubation influences the rate of development and the sex ratio among hatched blastocysts.


Source: Lechniak, D, Strabel, T, Bousquet, D & King, AW (2003): Sperm Pre-Incubation Prior to Insemination Affects the Sex Ratio of Bovine Embryos Produced in vitro. In: Reproduction in Domestic Animals 38 (3), 224-227.
www.blackwell-synergy.com/links/doi: 10.1046/
j.1439-0531.2003.00410.x



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